If you have gum disease or excessive plaque buildup, your dentist may recommend a Teeth Scaling procedure to prevent it from getting worse. Teeth scaling is a cleaning procedure that goes much further than standard cleaning. Here’s everything you need to know about descaling.
Why is Teeth Scaling necessary?
It is impossible to completely prevent the buildup of dental plaque. Plaque is constantly forming on our teeth from the food and drink we consume. Saliva and bacteria in our mouths form a thin layer on tooth enamel and acids, and sugars from food and drink adhere to this layer. The bacteria that live in the plaque buildup are what causes gum disease and tooth decay.
If you have receding gums, you may also be at risk for gum disease. If this is the case, standard cleaning will be sufficient to remove plaque buildup. With gum disease, the gum cells deepen and can reach up to 4 millimeters or more below the tooth. These deep pockets can fill with dental plaque and lead to more serious complications.
With pockets of 4 millimeters or more, a scaling procedure is recommended to remove plaque trapped below the gum line before complications arise.
How is Teeth Scaling done?
The deep cleaning procedure consists of two main parts: Teeth Scaling and root planning. Tooth scaling is the first step in carefully removing plaque from the tooth surface and gum line. There are two types of scaling instruments: A Teeth Scaling is a hand-held tool used to manually remove or scale dental plaque from the surface of the tooth. The thin tool is inserted below the gum line to reach the plaque that your toothbrush cannot reach. Then, the ultrasonic descaling tool includes a vibrating tip and a water jet. The vibrating tip removes plaque while the water jet removes debris and cleans pockets.
After the scaling procedure, a root planning is then carried out. Root planning goes much further than scaling and involves precise scaling of the root of the tooth to decrease any inflammation and to smooth the surface of the tooth so that the gums reconnect properly.
What to expect after Teeth Scaling?
After the procedure, your mouth may be tender or sore. Sometimes patients may have swollen gums or light bleeding for a few days. The use of toothpaste for sensitive teeth may be recommended to relieve pain or discomfort. After descaling, it is important to follow proper brushing and flossing techniques to prevent plaque build-up in the same places.
Although it is recommended to do a descaling at least once a year, it may vary from person to person. Follow the advice of your dentist who, after an oral exam, will be in the best position to tell you what to do. Careful tooth brushing should not be overlooked, however. Your specialist will be able to advise you on fluoride toothpaste to help you maintain good oral hygiene, as well as a toothbrush adapted to your teeth and finally he will also be able to teach you a good brushing technique.
After teeth scaling and polishing, you should know that they are no longer protected by saliva for about an hour. So be careful to avoid anything that could stain your teeth during this time, such as smoking cigarettes, drinking tea or coffee.
The regular use of baking soda can help you keep healthy teeth and slow down the formation of dental plaque. Indeed, sprinkled on your toothbrush before cleaning, or diluted in water during rinsing, it fights against oral acidity. This is caused by the presence of bacteria or by the consumption of sugars and acidic drinks such as sodas. Be careful, however, not to overdo it and not to apply this treatment more than once a week, as this may have an abrasive effect on your teeth.
Finally, you can opt for a water flosser to guarantee a thorough cleaning of your teeth. This allows, in addition to the use of the toothbrush, to make your teeth cleaner by treating in particular areas inaccessible during brushing.